Show How to find the Prime Factors of 400
The process of finding the Prime Factors of 400 is called Prime Factorization of 400. To get the Prime Factors of 400, you divide 400 by the smallest prime number possible. Then you take the result from that and divide that by the smallest prime number. Repeat this process until you end up with 1. This Prime Factorization process creates what we call the Prime Factor Tree of 400. See illustration below.All the prime numbers that are used to divide in the Prime Factor Tree are the Prime Factors of 400. Here is the math to illustrate: 400 ÷ 2 = 200200 ÷ 2 = 100100 ÷ 2 = 5050 ÷ 2 = 2525 ÷ 5 = 55 ÷ 5 = 1 Again, all the prime numbers you used to divide above are the Prime Factors of 400. Thus, the Prime Factors of 400 are: 2, 2, 2, 2, 5, 5. How many Prime Factors of 400?
When we count the number of prime numbers above, we find that 400 has a total of 6 Prime Factors. Question: Children (and adults) are often uncertain whether the multiples of, say, 12 are the numbers one can multiply (like 3 and 4) to make 12, or the numbers that one can make by multiplying 12 times other numbers. The terms multiple and factor are often confused. What are the multiples of a number? By example:
Generally:
**Keeping the concept clear:**When naming the multiples of a number, children (and adults!) often forget to include the number, itself, and are often unsure whether or not to include 0. The multiples of 3 include 3 times any integer, including 3 × 0 and 3 × 1. So 3 “is a multiple of 3” (though a trivial one) and 5 “is a multiple of 5” (again, trivial). Zero is a multiple of every number so (among other things) it is an even number. When asked for the “smallest” multiple (for example, the least common multiple), the implication is that only positive multiples are meant. Thus 6 is the “least” common multiple of 3 and 2 even though 0 and –6 (and so on) are also multiples that 3 and 2 have in common, and they are less than 6.**Keeping the language clear:**It is imprecise to refer to a number as “a multiple” without saying what it is a multiple of. The number 12 is “a multiple of 4” or “a multiple of 6” but not just “a multiple.” (It is not, for example, “a multiple” of 5.) Numbers are multiples of something, not just “multiples.” Also, 6 is a factor of 12, not a multiple of 12. And 12 is a multiple of 6, not a factor of 6.**A fine point:**The term**multiple**—like factor and divisible—is generally used only to refer to results of multiplication by a whole number.
## Mathematical backgroundIt is often useful to know what multiples two numbers have in common. One way is to list (some of) the multiples of each and look for a pattern. For example, to find the common (positive) multiples of 4 and 6, we might list: - Multiples of 4: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, …
- Multiples of 6: 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 54, 60, …
The numbers 12, 24, 36, and 48 appear on both of these lists, and more would appear if the lists were longer. They are common multiples, multiples that the two numbers have in common. The least common multiple is the smallest of these: 12. All the other common multiples are multiples of the least common multiple. Another way of finding the least common multiple of 4 and 6 involves factoring both numbers into their prime factors. The prime factorization of 4 is 2 × 2, and the prime factorization of 6 is 2 × 3. Any common multiple of 4 and 6 will need enough prime factors to make each of these numbers. So, it will need two 2s and one 3—the two 2s that are needed to make 4 (as 2 × 2) and the 3 (along with one of the 2s we already have) to make 6 (as 2 × 3). The prime factorization of this least common multiple is, therefore, 2 × 2 × 3, and the least common multiple is 12. ## What’s in a word?A multiple is what you get by multiplying.
## What are the multiples of 400?- 1
- 2
- 4
- 5
- 8
- 10
- 16
- 20
- 25
- 40
- 50
- 80
- 100
- 200
## What are the factors of 400 in 2 pairs?- 1 × 400 = 400
- 2 × 200 = 400
- 4 × 100 = 400
- 5 × 80 = 400
- 8 × 50 = 400
- 10 × 40 = 400
- 16 × 25 = 400
- 20 × 20 = 400
- 25 × 16 = 400
- 40 × 10 = 400
- 50 × 8 = 400
- 80 × 5 = 400
- 100 × 4 = 400
- 200 × 2 = 400
## Related Factors## Related Greatest Common Factors of 400
Here are the factors (not including negatives), and some multiples, for 1 to 100:
See the numbers with only two factors, such as 97? They are prime numbers. Copyright © 2017 MathsIsFun.com |